ISSN: 1816-0379

Volume 7, Issue 1

Volume 7, Issue 1, Winter and Spring 2008, Page 1-79


EFFECT OF TREATMENT BY POLY ETHELENE GLYOL ON ACCLIMATIZATION OF DATE PALM(Phoenix dactylifera L. ) cv.Barhee PROPAGATED IN VITRO

USAMA N.AL-MEER; Ahmed R.Alnajim; Orass T.Yassen

Basrah Journal For Date Palm Research, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1-9

This present study was undertaken at Date Palm research
Center-University of Basrah to determine the effect of Poly
Ethylene Glycol at a different concentration on some
characteristics in data palm Barhee cultivar propagated by
in vitro, the main results of this
Study were:
1-it was found that treatment with PEG at 25% led to
decrease water loss from the leaves through the
acclimatization stages .
2-it was found that treatment with PEG at 30% led to
increase the percentage of acclimatization (100%); while
treatment with PEG at 25% led to increase the
percentage of acclimatization(80%).

EFFECT OF SUCROSE ON SOME CHARACTERISTICS OF DATE PALM PLANTLETS (Phoenix dactylifera L).cv Shuraify PROPAGATED IN VITRO

Oras T.Yassen; Khaeon A. Muhssan; Usama N.Jaffer

Basrah Journal For Date Palm Research, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 10-22

oratory/Date Palm Research Center-Basrah university
to determine the effect of sucrose at different
concentrations on some characteristics of date palm
plantlets cultivar shuraify propagated by tissue culture, The
main results of this study were:
1-The addition of sucrose at a concentration of 60 gm/L to
the media led to significant increase of the average height
of plantlets comparison with the other testes
concentrations, plantlet height reached 8.54 cm.
2- The addition of sucrose at a concentration of 45 gm/L
to the media led to significant increase in the rooting
percentage, roots number and the numbers of leaves per
plantlet in comparison with the concentrations 30 and 75
gm/L, the rooting percentage was 80%, the numbers of
roots 4.60 per plantlet and the number of leaves was 3.6
per plantlet.
3-The addition of sucrose at a concentration of 60 gm/L to
the media led to significant increase in the average of root
length comparison with the other tested concentrations, the
length of roots was 6.80 cm.

DETERMINATION OF CUPPER AND ZINC CONCENTERATIONS IN THE FRUITS OF DATE PALM Phoenix dactylifera L. IN BERHI CULTIVARS IN BASRAH

Aqeel A.Suhaem

Basrah Journal For Date Palm Research, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 23-31

This study was conducted in Basrah governorate at Abu-
Alkhassieb location during the cultivation season 2004
(from may to the last of Augest month) by chosen two
locations ,the first was an orchard nearst the bank of shaat-
Al-arab river and the second was a far of shaat-Al-araab
rivre bank ,to determine the micronutrints (cupper and
zinc)content in the fruit of Date Palm Al-Berhi cultivar .
The result of study explained the highest averaga of
(Cu&Zn) at the first location which were 26.51and 16.18
microgram/gm of dry weight ,respectively ,with significant
difference than the second location (that far from Shatt-Al-
Araab river bank which were 21.07&11.24 microgram/gm
of dryn weight for (Cu&Zn) respectively
Also ,the result proved a monthely variance in the averages
of cupper and zink for each locations ,and the higest
average of cupper recoded at june month in the first
location was 30.09 microgram/gm of dry weight with
significant difference than the rest months of the year,
while the highest average of cupper at the second location
in August which reached 23.18 microgram/gm of dry
weight, The result were
the same with zinc element and recorded 19.87
microgram/gm of dry weight at first location in june month
,and 13.82 microgram/gm of driy weight, in second location
at june month ,with significant difference than other
average

EFFECT OF ARAK AND HARMAL PLANT EXTRACTS ON GROWTH INHIBITION OF Mauginiella scaettae Cav

Ramiz Mahdi Salih

Basrah Journal For Date Palm Research, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 32-40

A study was conducted at Plant Pathology Lab. ,Date Palm
Research center , Univ. of Basrah to evaluate the activity of
arak Salvadora sp. and harmal Peganum harmala plant
extracts in their effect on the radial growth of M. scaettae
which caused inflorencet rot of date palm .
The results showed that water , alcoholic and hexane
extracts of arak plant have no any antifungal activity
against M. scaettae , the inhibition percentage of radial
growth was (0.69, 0.86 and 0 )% respectively .
The water and alcoholic plant extracts of harmal caused
inhibition to the radial growth of the same fungus (24.07
and 24.3 %) respectively .

EFFECT OF SPRAY WITH HIGHER PHOSPHORUS FERTILIZER ON ROOT AND LEAVES OF DATE PALM Phoenix dactylifera L. HILLAWI CULTIVAR

Ali S.Mahdi; Ahmed R.Alnajim; Khearallah M.A. Al-Jabary

Basrah Journal For Date Palm Research, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 41-47

This study was conducted in one of date palm orchard in
the shutt Al-Arab Basrah province during season 2007 to
study the effect of spray the date palm offshoots cv. Hillawi
leaves with higher phosphorus fertilizer by different
concentrations (10%, 20% and 30%) in roots and leaves
growth. The results showed the treatment with 30%
superiority significantly on other treatments in roots and
leaves number which the roots number was (8
rootoffshoot) and leaves number was (6.33
leafoffshoot)while the least number of roots appear and
control treatment with significant difference of 20% and
30% treatments and without significant difference of 10%
treatment which the number of roots in control treatment
was (2 rootoffshoot)also the least number of leaves
appear in control treatment with significantly difference of
all other treatments which the number of leaves in this
treatment was (2 leafoffshoot)while the treatments 10%
and 20% doesn't difference significantly between them.

EVALUATE SUFFICIENCY OF SOME PLANTS OILS TO CONTROL ON WHITE SCALE INSECT PARLATORIA BLANCHARDI (COCCOCIDE : HOMOPTERA) ON DATE PALM( Phoenix dactylifera L.)

Nasser H. Al-Dosary; Ihab A.A.Al-Najim; Nasser A. Al-Mansory; Hazem M.Ali

Basrah Journal For Date Palm Research, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 48-60

This study conducted to evaluate sufficiency of eight
fixed oils plant to control on white scale insect Parlatoria
blanchardi on date palm.
The results showed excel the harmala oil Pegnanum
harmala and castor oil Ricinus sp. was given high
mortality percentage which 87.87% and 82.90%
respectively.
The mixed Experiment showed high efficacy mortality
of harmala oil with Dizinon 60% insecticide, against white
scale insect which was 97.23%, While Experiment filled
results showed high mortality percentage between mixture
the castor oil concentration 2% with Dizinon 60%
concentration 0.25% to white scale insect which was
90.66%, While recorded high mortality percentage after
seven days treatment which was 92.5%, while high
mortality percentage was 97.6% by mixed the castor oil
2% concentration with Dizinon 60% concentration 0.25%
after 7 days treatment.
Phoenix

Suscpetability of different cultivars of Date palm Phoenix dactylifera L. to casualty of inflorescence rot in Some Basrah regions.

Kadem I. Abbas; Mohammed A. Hameed; Naail S. Jameel

Basrah Journal For Date Palm Research, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 61-70

This study was carried out to determine the
susceptibility of different cultivars of date palm Phoenix
dactylifera L. which were: Barhee, Hillawii, Breim,
Sayer(as female cultivars) Gannami Akhader and khakri
Adie(as male cultivars) to the infection with date palm
inflorescence rot caused by the fungus Mauginiella
scaettae Cav. in different locations in Basrah province
which were Abu Al-Khasseb, Al-Deer, Qurna, and Shatt Al-
Arab during the 2006-2007.
Results of study revealed that the highest infection
percentage was recorded in Gannami Akhader 12.50%
with significant difference than other cultivars, while the
lowest percentage 2.29% recorded in Barhee cultivar.
Shatt Al-Arab location had the highest percentage of
infection with inflorescence rot disease and reached
9.58%, while Abu Al-Khasseb location had the lowest
percentage 7.07%, the percentage of infection with this
disease increased significantly during cultivation season
2007 and reached 8.88% in contrast with 2006 season
7.08%.
About the distance of water resource, results revealed
the date palm trees cultivated close to water resource 50m
was most susceptible to the infection 11.28%, than 150m
4.82%, for all tested cultivars and locations.

Effect of some chemical fertilizers in different ratios and depths on the growth and chemical constitution of date palm Phoenix dactylifera L. offshoots, Sayer cultivar.

Khearallah M.A. Al-Jabary; Ibtihaj H.Hameed; Sabeeh D.Al-Otbi

Basrah Journal For Date Palm Research, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 71-79

This study was conducted in Hartha location Basrah
province fellow general date palm board during 2006
season, to know the effect of addition of some chemical
fertilizers there are urea that supply nitrogen element,
super phosphate fertilizer that supply phosphor element
and potassium sulphate that supply potassium element
with two ratio (1:1:1) (2:1:1) (N:P:K) and two depth 5cm
and 30 cm.
The results showed that the fertilizers addition with two
ratio (1:1:1) (2:1:1) (N:P:K) led to increase the number of
new leaves formation also chlorophyll percentage while
the results showed all treatments did not have different
significantly in carbohydrate percentage while the
fertilization with 30 cm depth and (2:1:1)(N:P:K) superior
significantly in phenols percentage in leaves of offshoots of
date palm sayer cultivar.