The deterioration and death of the offshoots of Date – palm Phoenix dactylifera L. phenomenon in the Middle of IRAQ .
Basrah Journal For Date Palm Research,
Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 1-8
AbstractThis study had been done in the laboratory of Plant Pathology at the department of plant Protection Research at the state board of Agricultural Research. as it was limited to several sites was planted with offshoots of date - palms in the provinces of Baghdad, Diyala, Wasit. After an autopsy, isolation and laboratory testing were obtained on the fungi Acremonium sp. , Alternaria alternata , Aspergillus flavus , Aspergillus niger , Fusarium oxysporum , Fusarium solani , Fusarium sp1 , Fusarium sp2 and Fusarium sp3.
The laboratory testing were obtained on different isolates of Fusarium fungus. Shows the inability of those types of injury and isolates to infect palm seedling also show the ability of the two isolates of Fusarium to events the death of the summit of the offshoots after the events of the wounds . This isolates were identified as Fusarium lateritium according to the key taxonomic Booth (1971) .
So it is the first record of this fungus as a causal factor of death to date palm seedling in the middle of Iraq .
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